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1. Private international law deals with individuals of different nationalities, whilst public international law deals mainly with states.
2. Domestic laws are the source of law in private international law, whilst treaties and customary laws among others are the sources of law in public international law.
3. A violation of public international law is punished by other states, but a violation of private international law is punished by the state’s whose laws are being applied.
1. The national laws of a state are made by a definite body of legislators, whilst states create international laws through state activities (treaty, customary law, soft laws)
2. States in public international law must consent to be bound by international law, whilst in municipal law, such consent does not exist.
3. There is a system of courts under municipal law with a clear hierarchy, whilst such a system does not exist under public international law.
1. States enforce international law on themselves and on other states.
2. States create international law and consent to be bound by it.
3. States abide by international law.
1. States, especially powerful ones, can decide to disregard the rulings of any international legal body.
2. There is no international body to enforce international law.