The nature and basic principles underlying constitutions and constitutional law.
Legal effects of a coup d’etat, the grundnorm (per Hans Kelsen), and the sources of validity for laws.
An arm of government must not encroach on the powers of other arms of government. Separation of powers.
When any authority or person acts in excess of its powers, the acts and their results are null and void. For example, parliament cannot make a law which goes contrary to any provision of the constitution.
When any authority or person act contrary to the laid down procedure to achieve an end, the act(s) and the end are null and void.
No one is above the law and everyone must act in accordance with the law.
Each organ of government has its constitutionally given powers which are usually exclusive to it.
When a party will have the right or capacity to institute an action in court.
The power of the court to review the acts and omissions of public bodies and determine their validity, usually based on their consistency with the Constitution.
Circumstances under which the Supreme Court of Ghana will have the jurisdiction to entertain an action.
Chapter 6 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana contains various provisions that serve as a guide to all citizens, Parliament, the President, and the Judiciary in applying or interpreting the Constitution. Are these provisions enforceble by the courts? Current position is the Ghana Lotto Operators case.
Administrative bodies must act in accordance with the 1992 Constitution and must act fairly and reasonably.
The rule against bias.
Cases on the standard of proof required in an application to remove a judge on grounds of bias; real likelihood of bias, and not a mere suspicion of bias as the test for bias.
There an instances where a party may judge in his own cause.